In the Netherlands, 11 abortion clinics and 99 hospitals are allowed to terminate pregnancy. They need a permit from the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport for this purpose.
Abortus provocatus, also referred to as abortus provocatus lege artis or intentional abortion, is the medical term for the early termination of a pregnancy by medical intervention. In English, the term abortion is mostly used for this action.
The Inspectorate for Health and Youth Care (abbreviated in Dutch as IGJ) supervises the performance of abortions by abortion clinics and hospitals by means of a licence in accordance with the Termination of Pregnancy Act. Prescriptions that are intended to guarantee the quality of the medical treatment and careful decision-making are laid down in the Termination of Pregnancy Act (Wet Afbreking Zwangerschap – WAZ).
Obligations for abortion clinics
The management teams of the abortion clinics and hospitals must provide the inspectorate with (anonymised) data on the treatments every quarter. Such registration obligation is an important tool for the inspectorate to supervise institutions countrywide and is a way of monitoring the quality of the care provided.
Every autumn, the inspectorate issues a report on abortion assistance during the previous year. The Inspectorate also examines emergency incident reports by clients or by the institution as such.